Types of writing
The types of writing are narrative writing, descriptive writing, and informative writing.
The purpose of narrative writing is to tell a story or relate an experience. It is often written in timeline order (What happens first, what happens next, ....).
The purpose of descriptive writing is to paint a picture in the readers mind of what can be seen in the essay, what can be smelled, what can felt, and what could be heard. You know it is good if the reader is totally captivated by the writing.
Informative writing informs or instructs the reader.
Persuasive writing is an attempt to persuade the reader that your ideas are correct.